Guava or Psidium guajava is a tropical fruit and is commonly found all through the tropical countries. the common Guava or the Lemon guava that found sparsely in the tropical region is native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America, and India. India alone produces and exports near about 45% of the guava production. Guava fruit are round or oval depending upon their species. It has a lemon like smell ,but it is less sharp than lemon. The skin and the seeds of the fruit can be hard or soft depending on the species. The flesh of the ripe fruit is of off white (in case of white guava) or pink (in case of red guava). Guava has been adopted as a crop in many tropical and sub- tropical countries. Different cultivars of Guava are used by farmers as per their suitability to the environment. Guava is consumed as a fruit and it has many culinary uses as well. In India it is mostly eaten raw like an apple or cut into quarters and eaten with a pinch of salt and Masala.
Use of Guava
Guava is a tropical delight, and it is eaten raw as a fruit and used in many culinary practices. The guava fruit has a sweet or mildly sour taste depending on its species. Beverages are prepared from the pulp and are enjoyed all through the world. Guava juice is popular in many countries. The fruit is included in fruit salads. Lots of snacks are also prepared from dried guava. Due to its colour, the pulp of red guava is used as a base while preparing sauces. The tender leaf of guava is used as widely in traditional and Ayurvedic medicine. Guava seed oil is used in culinary and cosmetic industry.
Although, guava is a cherished upon tropical fruit with good source of Vitamins and nutrients, it is also a very good host of fruit flies like A. suspensa . These flies lays their eggs in the ripe fruit and the larvae makes the fruit rot from inside. Due to this , the cultivators has to be extra careful to protect their crop yield.
Taste of Guava
The common guava or the Psidium guajava, has a sweet taste when ripen. Although, the fruit of some species has a mildly sour taste even when ripen.
Guava is a tropical fruit and is rich source of Vitamin C . It has a good content of dietary fibres as well. Along with a few other nutrients a single common guava can provide near about 257% of the daily value for Vitamin C. Guava leaves contains phytochemicals like Guava leaves contain both carotenoids and polyphenols like (+)-gallocatechin and leucocyanidi.